Stringed Classical Music Instruments
What were some of the stringed classical musical instruments which greatly impacted the classical period (1750 – 1820 approx.) and beyond?
- Double bass
We begin with the guitar.
“The guitar is a musical instrument classified as a string instrument
with anywhere from 4 – 18 strings, usually having six.”
–from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
We can divide guitars into two broad categories – acoustic and electric.
Then, there are three main types of acoustic guitars – the classical guitar (nylon string), the steel-string, and the archtop guitar.
Warm and responsive, these guitars are built with great care and sensitivity, allowing the player full freedom of expression. These guitars are usually made from European spruce and Indian rosewood, along with traditional Spanish construction.
Often played as a solo instrument, the classical guitar uses – what is known as a comprehensive finger-picking technique. This technique is also used in the tradition of country, folk and bluegrass guitar playing in the United States.
A Brief History
Some mystery surrounds the earliest origins of the guitar.
What is known is that a guitar-like instrument called the vihuela or viola da mano was developed in Spain during the 15th century. A 4-stringed instrument, similar to the vihuela, was played by the common people and became very popular abroad. By the end of the century, a fifth string had been added, and these instruments merged into what became known as the Spanish guitar.
The six-stringed guitar, as we are accustomed to evolved around the year 1800. Around this time, however, pianos were introduced, and the guitar went into rapid decline.
Master Of Guitar Makers
Enter Antonio de Torres. A Spanish carpenter who began making guitars around the year 1840. Thinking out of the box, he is credited with
- revolutionizing the sound of the guitar by creating a much larger body than before
- strengthening and enhancing the guitar’s tone and
- enhancing its beauty and character
Sources: Wikipedia-the free encyclopedia and guitar-maker.com
I would be grateful for any comments or suggestions you may have and will also try to answer any questions.